She suffered from Sjogren syndrome and inflammatory arthritis and was currently treated with prednisone and methotrexate. She was previously treated with hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) 200mg bid (6.5mg/kg) for 10 years, which was stopped one year prior to presentation. Chloroquine lysosomal membrane permeabilization Physicochemical properties of chloroquine hydrochloride Plaquenil ogen Methotrexate vs hydroxychloroquine Fundus photography. Visible HCQ retinopathy is often a late clinical finding Fig. 2. Early signs of HCQ retinopathy may present subtle changes in RPE but may also be subclinical Fig. 3. Therefore, fundus photography is not recommended by the AAO guidelines and has an equivalent bearing on HCQ retinopathy screening as dilated fundus examination. However, some clinicians obtain fundus photography to document their findings. Purpose To determine the sensitivity of spectral domain ocular coherence tomography SD-OCT and fundus auto fluorescence FAF images as a screening test to detect early changes in the retina prior to the onset of chloroquine retinopathy. Method The study was conducted using patients taking chloroquine CQ, referred by the Rheumatology Department to the Ophthalmology Department at. Fundus autofluorescence images of the left eye of a 59-year-old women with sarcoidosis who received 200 mg of hydroxychloroquine sulfate twice daily for 15 years. Her visual acuity was 20/20 bilaterally with normal red light central 80-point visual fields. A fundus examination demonstrated subtle macular pigmentary change A. Review of systems: Blurred vision, halos, dry eye, dry mouth, gastroesophageal reflux, joint pain Pupils: Reactive to light in each eye from 5 mm in the dark to 2 mm in the light. Extraocular movements: Full, both eyes (OU) Confrontation visual fields: Full OU Intra-ocular pressure The optic nerves appeared healthy with a 0.3 cup-to-disc ratio. Past Ocular History: None Medical History: Sjogren syndrome and inflammatory arthritis, supraventricular tachycardia, anxiety, depression, peptic ulcer disease Medications: prednisone, methotrexate, amitriptyline, ranitidine, estradiol, tizanidine, diltiazem, Restasis Allergies: codeine, droperidol Family History: heart disease, arthritis, cancer Social History: occasional alcohol but no tobacco or intravenous drug use. Fundus in chloroquine Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and., Fundus auto fluorescence and spectral domain ocular. Generic pill hydroxychloroquine photoIs plaquenil covered by blue crossChloroquine nightmarewHydroxychloroquine 200 mg goodrxPlaquenil and mood changes Find patient medical information for Chloroquine Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Chloroquine Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions.. Fundus Autofluorescence in Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity.. Chloroquine Professional Patient Advice -. Hydroxychloroquine Maculopathy An Update on Screening and Diagnosis A brief guide for imaging SHIRI SHULMAN, MD. H ydroxychloroquine HCQ; Plaquenil, Sanofi, Bridgewater, NJ is an antimalarial agent that is also commonly used as a treatment for a variety of rheumatologic and dermatologic conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. In the present day, the less toxic HCQ is used instead of chloroquine. The American Academy of Ophthalmology revised the screening guidelines in 2011 to include spectral domain-optical coherence tomography SD-OCT, fundus autofluorescence FAF, and multifocal ERG mfERG when available to assess the macula in patients taking HCQ. The new. Ivocal signs of chloroquine maculopathy bilateral peri-central scotoma in the visual fields, structural alterations of the macula in the optical coherence tomography but normal or atypical findings as to fundus autofluorescence imaging. Results In all patients, optical coherence tomography showed perifoveal thinning and subtle alterations of the outer retinal layers. In one patient, the.