Pattern of Retinopathy: Although the locus of toxic damage is parafoveal in many eyes, Asian patients often show an extramacular pattern of damage. Dose: We recommend a maximum daily HCQ use of 5.0 mg/kg real weight, which correlates better with risk than ideal weight. Using plaquenil in end stage macular degeneration Hydroxychloroquine dose by weight Plaquenil drug reaction In 2019, our armamentarium for treatment of diabetic retinopathy DR ranges from anti-vascular endothelial growth factor anti-VEGF intravitreous injections and steroid implants to laser photocoagulation and surgical the vast majority of our patients, the choice of treatment pivots primarily around laser and an anti-VEGF drug. For diabetic macular edema DME, an anti-VEGF. Hypertension Htn and Diabetes Mellitus DM can lead to serious complication for the uncontrolled patients. Hypertensive retinopathy HR is a complication of Htn that leads to damage to the retina and retinal circulation due to high BP. Usually they are asymptomatic but may present with decreased vision or headache. Diabetic Retinopathy. Chloroquine retinopathy, is a form of toxic retinopathy damage of the retina caused by the drugs chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine, which are sometimes used in the treatment of autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. This eye toxicity limits long-term use of the drugs. Risk of Toxicity: The risk of toxicity is dependent on daily dose and duration of use. There are no similar demographic data for CQ, but dose comparisons in older literature suggest using 2.3 mg/kg real weight. Plaquenil retinopathy vs diabetic retinopathy Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema Diabetes., Hypertensive Retinopathy vs Diabetic Retinopathy karenchantek's Blog Chloroquine side effects dreamsHow to take aralenPlaquenil law suits Diabetic retinopathy die-uh-BET-ik ret-ih-NOP-uh-thee is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It's caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye retina. At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, it can cause blindness. Diabetic retinopathy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic. Chloroquine retinopathy - Wikipedia. Diabetic Retinopathy & Glaucoma Management. Diabetic Retinopathy & Hypertensive Retinopathy By Ch. Vineela, 2. Diabetic Retinopathy • Diabetic retinopathy is retinopathy damage to the retina caused by complications of diabetes mellitus, which can eventually lead to blindness • It is an ocular manifestation of systematic disease which affects up to 80% of all diabetic patients THE EARLY WORSENING PHENOMENON IN DIABETIC RETINOPATHY. Diabetic retinopathy DR is a common complication of diabetes that affects the vasculature in the eye and occurs in approximately one‐third of patients with diabetes.1, 2 It is the leading cause of vision loss in the working‐age and elderly population.3 The progression and development of DR is associated with a number of risk. People with diabetes can have an eye disease called diabetic retinopathy. This is when high blood sugar levels cause damage to blood vessels in the retina. These blood vessels can swell and leak. Or they can close, stopping blood from passing through.