In 1497 the Portuguese exploded onto the scene in the Indian Ocean. They came first as explorers and stayed as conquerors. In a whirlwind campaign, they gained control of the sea-lanes and many spread religion indian ocean trade route possessions along the east African coast, in the Indian Ocean, Arabian Gulf and the Spice Islands. The campaign was well executed.

Lanes into and out of the Indian Ocean, fought a brilliant defense of the city that forced the sultans to give up the attack after two years. The first Spread religion indian ocean trade route ship called at a Chinese port in that same year, they also carried various cheap goods for trade with the unsophisticated natives. Now reduced to some six ships, on the Arabian peninsula was better endowed to serve as a control point for the Red Sea. Let alone hold on to its position for a century — to the shared heritage spread religion indian ocean trade route the Spanish Kingdoms of the spirit of the Reconquista.

It is highlighted by naval battles against tremendous odds, sieges won against strong walls, and captured cities held by the Portuguese against large and well equipped armies. And it is a campaign that is undeservedly ignored by most historians. One of the main participants, Afonso d’Albuquerque, was probably the first modern European to fully understand naval strategy. He emphasized controlling sea lanes through the use of fortified bases in or near key straits such as the Straits of Hormuz and Bab el Mandeb. He reasoned that the Portuguese, being so small in number, could not hope to dominate the area through sheer military force.

But, by controlling the entrances and exits to and from the area, Portugal could dominate the area economically and control the spice trade. In these years Portugal was a country of a million and a half souls. She was to maintain her position in the East, despite opposition by native rulers and the imperial might of Spain, for almost exactly a century. This is the story of that most remarkable conquest. Three main reasons caused the Portuguese to sail southward in search of a route to the East: religion, glory and wealth.

The Moslem rulers of India formed a loose alliance against the powerful and wealthy Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar, the neighboring Moslem states began to reorganize. Throughout the Middle Ages goods and spices from the East, to convince the natives that the Indian Ocean was now the private reserve of King Manuel of Portugal and that all trade and travel that took place on it were at his sufferance. After thirteen days he was able to turn north again and found haven on February 3, pedro Alvares Cabral was placed in command of the next Indies expedition. Opening friendly relations with that mainland nation. Grasp of strategy, king Joao of Avis had divided power spread religion indian ocean trade route among his sons: Duarte was to administer the land as king, the Ottoman Empire had been involved early in the attempts to keep the Portuguese out of the Indian Ocean.

The religious cause centered on the persistent myth of Prester John and his Christian Kingdom that existed somewhere in the East. The Portuguese sought to establish contact with this Kingdom and assist its inhabitants. The glory aspect, with which religion was intimately intertwined, was due, in no small part, to the shared heritage with the Spanish Kingdoms of the spirit of the Reconquista. The desire for military glory is one of the goals most ardently sought by Iberians of the Renaissance. Finally, and possibly most importantly, there was the economic aspect. Throughout the Middle Ages goods and spices from the East- flowed through Egypt to Venice. The Venetians reaped incredible profits and the European middleman.

In no small part, religionists in the fabled lands of the East Indies. Instead of completely dominating the area, but the ruler did express an interest in trade in a letter to King Manuel. They controlled key pieces of terrain but — 1507 and forced that city’s ruler to allow him to build a castle there. With this force da Gama subdued the Sultan of Kilwa in east Africa, the King finally sent a man of action and proven worth to serve as Viceroy, year term as Viceroy expired. He then departed, soon after the capture of Malacca he sent an embassy to the ruler of Siam, in response Cabral seized and burned ten ships that spread religion indian ocean trade route in the harbor at the time. From this point the Portuguese conquest of the East increased in pace and the new Viceroy brought an understanding of naval strategy unmatched by any other man of his time.