Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome affects women taking injectable hormone medications to stimulate the development of eggs in the ovaries. This may occur in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), ovulation induction or intrauterine insemination. Too much hormone medication in your system can lead to ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), in which your ovaries become swollen and painful. A small number of women may develop severe OHSS, which can cause rapid weight gain, abdominal pain, vomiting and shortness of breath. Less often, OHSS happens during fertility treatments using medications you take by mouth, such as clomiphene (Clomid, Serophene). Occasionally OHSS occurs spontaneously, not related to fertility treatments. Symptoms of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome often begin within 10 days after using injectable medications to stimulate ovulation. PCOS is a complex issue and no one knows its exact cause. An estimated 10 % of women of childbearing age have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), making PCOS a leading cause of infertility. In infertility cases, women with PCOS may produce too much insulin, which in turn causes the ovaries to over-produce male hormones called androgens. This can lead to a number of symptoms, including excessive hair growth, weight gain, and ovulation issues and infertility. Frequently, women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) have problems with their menstrual cycle and issues with ovulation (or anovulation). In women with PCOS, the ovaries do not produce sufficient hormones and the egg or ovum may not mature. In PCOS, developing ova may remain as cysts (or appear cyst-like).
Premature Ovarian Failure (POF), also known as Ovarian Hypofunction, is defined as a loss of normal ovarian function before the age of 40. Some people think that POF is premature menopause, but menopause is a natural process the female body goes through as it ages. During menopause, a woman’s body will gradually, over many years, stop producing mature follicles (eggs) for ovulation. Estrogen and progesterone levels naturally decline causing the menstrual cycle to come less often until eventually it stops. The normal age range for women to naturally go through menopause is 45-55, with the average mean age of 51. Unlike menopause, POF is not a naturally occurring process for a woman’s body. There are different reasons a woman may be diagnosed with POF; these are broken down into two categories: follicle dysfunction and follicle depletion. My medical students often ask me how I decide what to post about. Other times, like today, it’s on things that I have to explain over and over again to many different people. I realized that if something is inherently so confusing as to have the need to clarify it repeatedly, then it would do the world some good to put it down in words for everyone to read at their leisure. Three different terms that are used in overlapping fashion are cyst, egg and follicle. The EGG is that all-important biological specimen that contains half a woman’s genetic information. In my simplified view of human reproduction, a woman randomly shuffles all her DNA (the stuff that influences her body to develop blue eyes, a cute little nose and a fondness for puppies) and packages exactly half of it into each egg. The goal then, is for the egg to unite with one of her husband’s sperm, which very coincidentally contains half of HIS genetic information. The final product is a baby, a tiny person with genetic information from both parents.
Poor ovarian reserve is a condition of low fertility characterized by 1): low numbers of remaining oocytes in the ovaries or 2) possibly impaired preantral oocyte development or recruitment. Recent research suggests that premature ovarian aging and premature ovarian failure (aka primary ovarian insufficiency) may represent a continuum of premature ovarian senescence. However, other studies show no association with elevated FSH levels and genetic quality of embryos after adjusting for age. The decline in quality was age related, not FSH related as the younger women with high day three FSH levels had higher live birth rates than the older women with high FSH. There was no significant difference in genetic embryo quality between same aged women regardless of FSH levels. One expert concluded: in young women with poor reserve when eggs are obtained they have near normal rates of implantation and pregnancy rates, but they are at high risk for IVF cancellation; if eggs are obtained, pregnancy rates are typically better than in older woman with normal reserve. However, if the FSH level is extremely elevated these conclusions are likely not applicable. I fell pregnant six months ago but suffered a miscarriage. Does the cyst have any bearing on my being unable to fall pregnant? My doctors found a cyst on my ovary which is now getting smaller. An ovarian cyst does not usually affect a woman's ability to conceive. The fact that you have been pregnant before is a good indicator that you will be able to conceive again. The length of time it takes for a woman to become pregnant varies greatly. No investigations are usually advised until a couple have been trying to conceive for a year with regular intercourse (at least twice a week). The only condition in which ovarian cysts are linked with difficulty in conceiving is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Women who have it tend to be overweight, have excessive hair growth and suffer from irregular or non-existant periods.
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome affects women taking injectable hormone medications to stimulate the development of eggs in the ovaries. This may occur in women. Patients who are not pregnant. Patients without ovarian cysts. CLOMID should not be used in patients with ovarian enlargement except those with polycystic.