Azithromycin has relatively broad but shallow antibacterial activity. It inhibits some Gram-positive bacteria, some Gram-negative bacteria, and many atypical bacteria. A strain of gonorrhea reported to be highly resistant to azithromycin was found in the population in 2015. Neisseria gonorrhoeae is normally susceptible to azithromycin, Safety of the medication during breastfeeding is unclear. It has been reported that because only low levels are found in breastmilk and the medication has also been used in young children, it is unlikely that breastfed infants would suffer adverse effects. Most common adverse effects are diarrhea (5%), nausea (3%), abdominal pain (3%), and vomiting. Fewer than 1% of people stop taking the drug due to side effects. Azithromycin injection is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. It is also used to prevent Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) disease in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Azithromycin belongs to the class of drugs known as macrolide antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, this medicine will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections. Azithromycin injection may be used for other problems as determined by your doctor. This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Azithromycin is an effective medication to treat various infections. In fact, Azithromycin is a generic medication that is sold on the market under different names. The medicine was first invented in the 1980s in Croatia, although the Pfizer Company later bought the right to manufacture it within the United States. Compared to other antibiotics, Azithromycin is much more effective in treating a series of infections. Doctors prescribe this medication in small doses that they are certain will be sufficient to cure the illness. However, the side effects of Zithromax may be more dangerous than are those of other antibiotics. For example, several years ago it was found that Zithromax increases the risk of heart attacks. A group of Croatian researchers working for the Pilva Company discovered the effectiveness and antibacterial features of Azithromycin in 1980. Within a few years, the company signed an agreement with Pfizer to distribute the medication to the United States and Western Europe. Azithromycin should not be used in patients with pneumonia who are judged to be inappropriate for oral therapy because of moderate to severe illness or risk factors. (1.3) To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of ZITHROMAX (azithromycin) and other antibacterial drugs, ZITHROMAX (azithromycin) should be used only to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. (1.4) ZITHROMAX (azithromycin) is a macrolide antibacterial drug indicated for the treatment of patients with mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the specific conditions listed below. Recommended dosages and durations of therapy in adult and pediatric patient populations vary in these indications. To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of ZITHROMAX (azithromycin) and other antibacterial drugs, ZITHROMAX (azithromycin) should be used only to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy. After mixing, store suspension at 5° to 30°C (41° to 86°F) and use within 10 days. ZITHROMAX 250 mg tablets are supplied as pink modified capsular shaped, engraved, film-coated tablets containing azithromycin dihydrate equivalent to 250 mg of azithromycin.
For all other indications the dose is 1,500 mg, to be administered as 500 mg. Azithromycin administration should be stopped if liver dysfunction has emerged. Azithromycin is an antibiotic that fights bacteria. Azithromycin is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria, such as respiratory infections, skin infections, ear infections, and sexually transmitted diseases. Azithromycin may also be used for purposes not listed in this.