Community-acquired pneumonia is one of the most common serious infections in children, with an annual incidence of 34 to 40 cases per 1,000 children in Europe and North America. When diagnosing community-acquired pneumonia, physicians should rely mainly on the patient’s history and physical examination, supplemented by judicious use of chest radiographs and laboratory tests as needed. The child’s age is important in making the diagnosis. Pneumonia in neonates younger than three weeks of age most often is caused by an infection obtained from the mother at birth. often are the etiologic agents in children older than five years and in adolescents. In very young children who appear toxic, hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics are needed. The symptoms in outpatients who present with community-acquired pneumonia can help determine the treatment. The NICE British National Formulary (BNF) and British National Formulary for Children (BNFc) sites are only available to users in the UK, Crown Dependencies and British Overseas Territories. If you believe you are seeing this page in error please contact us.
Children 2 years of age and older—Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor. The dose is usually 12 milligrams mg per kilogram kg of body weight once a day for 5 days. Children younger than 2 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. Azithromycin, as the dihydrate, is a white crystalline powder with a molecular formula of C 38 H 72 N 2 O 12 •2H 2 O and a molecular weight of 785.0. ZITHROMAX tablets contain azithromycin dihydrate equivalent to 600 mg azithromycin.