Metoprolol is used for a number of conditions, including hypertension, angina, acute myocardial infarction, supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, congestive heart failure, and prevention of migraine headaches. receptors in the heart, metoprolol is also prescribed for off-label use in performance anxiety, social anxiety disorder, and other anxiety disorders. Metoprolol is sold in formulations that can be taken by mouth or given intravenously. Side effects, especially with higher doses, include dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, diarrhea, unusual dreams, trouble sleeping, depression, and vision problems. Metoprolol may also reduce blood flow to the hands or feet, causing them to feel numb and cold; smoking may worsen this effect. Due to the high penetration across the blood-brain barrier, lipophilic beta blockers such as propranolol and metoprolol are more likely than other less lipophilic beta blockers to cause sleep disturbances such as insomnia and vivid dreams and nightmares. Serious side effects that are advised to be reported immediately include symptoms of bradycardia (resting heart rate slower than 60 beats per minute), persistent symptoms of dizziness, fainting and unusual fatigue, bluish discoloration of the fingers and toes, numbness/tingling/swelling of the hands or feet, sexual dysfunction, erectile dysfunction, hair loss, mental/mood changes, depression, breathing difficulty, cough, dyslipidemia and increased thirst. This leaflet answers some common questions about Metoprolol Sandoz®. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist. Your doctor has weighed the risk of you taking this medicine against the benefits they expect it will have for you. It contains the active ingredient metoprolol tartrate. If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Metoprolol Sandoz® belongs to a group of medicines called beta-blockers. It works by affecting the body's response to some nerve impulses, especially in the heart. As a result, it decreases the heart's need for blood and oxygen and therefore reduces the amount of work the heart has to do. It also widens the blood vessels in the body, causing blood pressure to fall. Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.
Absorption: Well absorbed after oral administration. Distribution: Crosses the blood-brain barrier, crosses the placenta; small amounts enter breast milk. Metabolism and Excretion: Mostly metabolized by the liver (primarily by CYP2D6; the CYP2D6 enzyme system exhibits genetic polymorphism); ~7% of population may be poor metabolizers and may have significantly ↑ metoprolol concentrations and an ↑ risk of adverse effects. TIME/ACTION PROFILE (cardiovascular effects)When switching from immediate-release to extended-release product, the same total daily dose can be used PO: (Adults) Antihypertensive/antianginal– 25–100 mg/day as a single dose initially or 2 divided doses; may be ↑ q 7 days as needed up to 450 mg/day (immediate-release) or 400 mg/day (extended-release) (for angina, give in divided doses). MI– 25–50 mg (starting 15 min after last IV dose) q 6 hr for 48 hr, then 100 mg twice daily. Heart failure– 12.5–25 mg once daily (of extended-release), can be doubled every 2 wk up to 200 mg/day. Migraine prevention– 50–100 mg 2–4 times daily (unlabeled). IV: (Adults) MI– 5 mg q 2 min for 3 doses, followed by oral dosing. Tablets (tartrate): 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg Cost: Generic: All strengths $7.18/100Extended-release tablets (succinate; Toprol XL): 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, 200 mg Cost: Generic: 25 mg $35.68/100, 50 mg $41.93/100, 100 mg $53.95/100, 200 mg $84.54/100Solution for injection: 1 mg/m LIn Combination with:hydrochlorothiazide (Dutoprol, Lopressor HCT). See combination drugs.metoprolol is a sample topic from the Davis's Drug Guide. Metoprolol can help reduce your symptoms if you have too much thyroid hormone in your body (thyrotoxicosis). You'll usually take it together with medicines to treat an overactive thyroid. This medicine comes as tablets and is only available on prescription. It's also given by injection, but this is usually done in hospital. Your doctor may advise you to take your first dose before bedtime because it could make you feel dizzy. If you don't feel dizzy after the first dose, take metoprolol in the morning. If you have metoprolol more than once a day, try to space the doses evenly throughout the day.
Metoprolol is a beta-blocker that affects the heart and circulation (blood flow through arteries and veins). Metoprolol is used to treat angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure). Metoprolol is also used to lower your risk of death or needing to be hospitalized for heart failure. You should not use metoprolol if you have a serious heart problem (heart block, sick sinus syndrome, slow heart rate), severe circulation problems, severe heart failure, or a history of slow heart beats that caused fainting. You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to metoprolol, or other beta-blockers (atenolol, carvedilol, labetalol, nadolol, nebivolol, propranolol, sotalol, and others), or if you have: Do not give this medicine to a child without medical advice. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known whether metoprolol will harm an unborn baby. Before taking metoprolol, tell your doctor if you have congestive heart failure, low blood pressure, circulation problems, pheochromocytoma, asthma or other breathing problems, diabetes, depression, liver or kidney disease, a thyroid disorder, or severe allergies. Metoprolol is only part of a complete program of treatment for hypertension that may also include diet, exercise, and weight control. Follow your diet, medication, and exercise routines very closely if you are being treated for hypertension. If you are being treated for high blood pressure, keep using this medication even if you feel well. You may need to use blood pressure medication for the rest of your life. Metoprolol is in a group of drugs called beta-blockers. Beta-blockers affect the heart and circulation (blood flow through arteries and veins). A Toprol XL tablet can be divided in half if your doctor has told you to do so. Metoprolol is used to treat angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure). Metoprolol may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. The half tablet should be swallowed whole, without chewing or crushing.
Dec 17, 2018. Metoprolol is a prescription drug that doctors may use to treat heart. so some people may wish to consider using alternative medications. Heart disease Beta-blockers, such as metoprolol, can worsen existing heart.